The objective of the CISIT ISART project is to study and evaluate different approaches for the integration of traffic control support systems for flexible intermodal transportation systems.
Several countries face challenges in the urban transport. The efficiency of a transport service is measured through indicators or criteria as: the immediate availability, the door to door aspect, the safety, the passenger’s comfort, etc. The private vehicles satisfy these criteria and are often an effective means to realize displacements in urban zones. These displacements can involve connections between the place of residence, the offices, the shopping centers, the places of leisure activities, etc. Unfortunately, the use of the private cars causes some problems which influence the quality of life and the environment. In fact, using private cars increases traffic congestion which implies a high consumption of energy, noise, and pollution. To cope with these problems, promising solutions have emerged following the multitude of global and European consortiums on this subject: car pooling (a car is shared by the driver and one or more passengers), car or bike sharing (rental for short periods of time), and on-demand transport with new automated vehicles types. An important advantage of the on-demand transport systems is to introduce more flexibility compared to public transportation. In the ISART project, the work objectives were the following: modeling of a flexible transportation system integrating autonomous and non autonomous systems, modeling of multiple disturbances and their impact on the transportation system operating modes, design of regulation rules for a flexible transportation system, design and development of a simulation system for a flexible transportation system, human-computer interaction design and evaluation.