Laboratoire de Génie Informatique et d’Automatique de l’Artois

Ph.D. thesis of Gildas MORVAN

Multi-agent based approach of a decision support system in dynamic an uncertain environment — Application to forensic entomology

Starting date: 1 October 2006
Keywords: multi agent systems, agent-based modeling, decision support system, forensic entomology
Advising:
  • Advisor Daniel JOLLY
  • Co-advisor Philippe KUBIAK
  • Co-advisor Daniel DUPONT

The work presented in this thesis deals with modelling and decision support issues in the context of complex systems. Specifically, we investigate the coupling of agent-based simulations and inverse problem resolution methods. Thus, a generic architecture of decision support system is proposed. We identify two problems related to the implementation of this architecture : the validation of simulation parameters and the observation of agent-based simulations. We offer some answers to solve them. The notion of inverse problem is redefined in the context of decision support in a multi-model framework. Therefore, a resolution method and heuristics, based on ideas from works on abductive reasoning, are proposed.

This work is then applied to the conception of a decision support system dedicated to forensic entomology. This research area, midway between forensic sciences and entomology, aims to develop post-mortem estimation methods based on entomological indices, i.e., insects (mainly necrophagous diptera) or insect remains, sampled on or around the cadaver. In the context of this work, done in collaboration with forensic entomology laboratory of the Legal Medicine Institute of Lille, we present :

  • an agent-based model of necrophagous diptera in a complex environment such as a dead body in a specific ecosystem, taking into account more parameters than conventional methods,
  • an implementation of the decision support system architecture mentioned above, based on this model.
No partner is associated with this element.

Defense

Defense took place the 25/11/2009 pm30 14:00 Prestige room - FSA - Béthune

Jury:

  • Rapporteur Jean-Louis DENEUBOURG Université Libre de Bruxelles
  • Rapporteur Jean-Pierre MÜLLER CIRAD - LIRMM, Montpellier
  • Examinateur Didier GOSSET Université de Lille 2
  • Examinateur David HILL Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand
  • Examinateur Eric LEFEVRE Université d'Artois
  • Advisor Daniel JOLLY Université d'Artois
  • Co-advisor Philippe KUBIAK École centrale de Lille
  • Co-advisor Daniel DUPONT HEI, Lille